jueves, enero 26, 2012
Carta al Directorio del Forest and Climate Change Project
January 26, 2012
Mr. Hasan Tuluy
Vice President for Latin America
Mrs. Marta García Jáuregui
Executive Director for México
Mr. Juan José Bravo
Alternate Executive Director for México
Mr. Ambroise Fayolle
Executive Director for France
Mrs. Anna Brant
Executive Director for Norway
Mrs. Gloria Grandolini
Mexico Country Director
Mr. Laurent Debroux
Task Team Leader
The World Bank
1818 H Street, NW
Washington DC, 20433
The purpose of this letter is to present our concerns regarding the Project Appraisal Document (PAD 65959) for the Mexico Forest and Climate Change Project P123760 (IBRD) and P124988 (FIP) which will be submitted for your approval on January 31, 2012.
1. First, we would like to inform you that on November 4, 2011, the Red Mexicana de Organizaciones Campesinas Forestales, SAKBE Comunicación y Defensa para el Cambio, and the Bank Information Center, presented to the FIP, during the period stipulated for public comments, various proposals (see Annexes), which had previously been submitted and discussed with CONAFOR and the World Bank Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) team. One of the central proposals we made was the inclusion of a clause in the FIP project to the effect: “…the contract, agreement or document for the formalization of the SIL should include a clause or provision specifying that once the approval process of ENAREDD+ (Estrategia Nacional REDD+) + has concluded, an analysis for coherence and consistency will be conducted to align the direction of SIL with the content of ENAREDD+. This principle should be applied to all agreements and commitments of the Mexican government with relation to REDD+, since they should all ideally be coherent and consistent with ENAREDD+”.
These proposals were not taken into account, and there has been no explanation, verbal or written, as to why. We consider this clause to be vital to ensure that the “forest package” of projects that the Government of Mexico is negotiating with the World Bank to advance the national agenda for climate change mitigation and adaptation is coherent with the strategic environmental and social assessment (SESA) required under the FCPF and with the national REDD strategy currently being developed. For this reason, we insist to the Board of Executive Directors that this clause be included in the Forest and Climate Change Project P123760 (IBRD).
2. In relation to the consultation process, the presentations made by CONAFOR on the investment loan have not reached beyond a very small group of civil society organizations, and even these have been informed about the “forest package” in a superficial, fragmented and un-contextualized manner through the Technical Advisory Council (CTC). For this reason it is worrisome that the PAD, in paragraph 38, highlights the broad experience of CONAFOR in consultations with collective landowners and local communities, while in reality the specific process for this investment loan has not been carried out in an adequate manner with the CTC, much less a broad process with collective land owners and local communities. It is important to note that the Project Appraisal Document does not even exist in Spanish and in the CTC only one person volunteered comments on the loan and the different project instruments (Social Assessment Report; Environmental Assessment Report; Draft of Planning Framework for Indigenous Peoples; Draft of Procedure Framework; Draft of Environmental Management Framework).
It is equally worrisome that paragraph 29 of the PAD refers to civil society participation being sought through the national and local CTC’s. These entities should not replace local actors and other civil society organizations, and are not appropriate spaces for realizing broad and effective consultative processes, that both the investment loan and the general REDD+ process require if REDD+ implementation is to be successful.
As we have stated in meetings with CONAFOR and representatives of the World Bank, the manner in which information dissemination and consultation processes are being carried out is not appropriate—civil society groups are being sent large documents with a short period for their review, information is not being properly contextualized, and it is not clear what CONAFOR really intends in terms of broad consultation. These things taken together are undermining the confidence of civil society organizations in both the process and the institutions. For this reason, we insist that the proposals that we made on November 4, 2011 in commenting on the FIP Project (a component of the present investment loan): (i) the design of a Consultation Protocol (not for dialogue); (ii) a REDD+ “Road Map” for the year; and (iii) a consultation calendar to be updated every 6 months (se details in the Annex).
3. With reference to the Payment for Environmental Services program, which will receive the most financing from the Project, we believe that this is one of the areas that requires a participatory evaluation to ensure that the program is strengthened. Given the importance these decisions, we believe that they should be taken in the context of a national SESA process, such that financing mechanisms such as PES are evaluated based on an analysis of their risks and opportunities.
The current vision that dominates the PES Program is actually one that focuses on conservation to the exclusion of management and production, that is to say, passive conservation. Actually the PES Program is oriented towards containing deforestation, limited to sustaining existing environmental services, and not contributing to their expansion. There needs to be a commitment to re-orienting the PES program such that it is compatible with sustainable management and production, at the same time ensuring an expansion of ecosystem services under PES.
4. We are also worried that the Project will be implemented without benefit of the framework of the SESA, which should be an opportunity for a substantial participatory process that will generate high quality analysis of risks and opportunities, the identification of drivers of deforestation and degradation and making strategic decisions to align public policies, all critical for the success of the national REDD+ strategy.
5. In the same way, the Project does not provide specific information about how the SESA process will be adjusted to include the project, nor the other way around. In the project, it is not clear how the SESA process will be relevant for creating public policy and institutional strengthening, as well as the experimentation that will take place through the REDD+ Early Actions. This needs to be corrected—the references to SESA are very general—the Project should provide a detailed methodology, milestones and a timeline to ensure coherence with the national SESA process.
6. In terms of the safeguard analysis, we would like to state that although the resettlement policy (OP/BP 4.12) was taken into account to analyze possible restrictions that could limit the access of communities to their territories, it failed to acknowledge and analyze the pressure suffered by small farmers and Indigenous Peoples to abandon their homes and properties at the hands of the drug cartels and illegal loggers. The kidnapping on this past December 7, 2011 of Eva Alarcon, a member of the SESA Follow-up Group, can’t be ignored, to the contrary is a wake-up call to look for mitigation measures to the security problem in certain parts of the country. The National REDD+ Strategy will not advance if there are not effective measures to protect local communities and their leaders. For this reason, we request that the Social Safeguard Evaluation be revised to include the issues of security, the ability of smallholders to stay on the land, and solution to land tenure conflicts.
7. In the same way, given that the Component 1 of the Project is the design of public policy and institutional strengthening, and given that the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation cross several distinct sectors, greater inclusion of public agencies is required for inter-institutional coordination than that established in the Project. We request that the Secretary of Agrarian Reform, Secretary of Public Security, the National Water Commission, the Secretary of Communication and Transport, and the General Directorate of Mining of the Secretary of Economy and the Secretary of Social Development, all be included in the Project.
8. Given that the success of the Project requires the effective participation at all levels of forest communities, we propose that local communities (through a self-selection process) have representatives on the Steering Committee and the Monitoring Committee that will be established for the management of the Project.
9. We believe that circumscribing the focus of the Early Actions supported by the Project to just a few regions will not permit the creation of capacity at the national level, given that many pilot projects might not be representative of the national situation generally, and with respect to climate change particularly. It is worrisome that there are no criteria for the selection of geographical regions for the Early Actions, and that these decisions were made in a discretional, arbitrary and exclusive manner. We request that Early Actions supported by the Project target regions from all over the country, and that their selection be made on the basis of their vulnerability to climate change.
It is of fundamental importance that for the approval of this Project, as well as subsequent financial instruments, the National REDD+ Strategy be the coordinating mechanism; that the Project is substantially aligned with the processes that will be used to construct the National REDD Strategy, such as the consultation process and the SESA. To the contrary, it will establish a terrible precedent with respect to participation and consultation for the design and implementation of REDD+ financial instruments, which would be counter-productive for the general REDD+ process in Mexico and the National REDD Strategy.
Bank of Information Center
Consejo Nacional de Organizaciones Campesinas A.C.
Fundar, Centro de Investigación y Análisis A.C.
Iniciativa Las Comunidades Cuentan Más
Organización de Campesinos Ecologistas de la Sierra de Petatlán A.C. (Miembro del Grupo de Seguimiento SESA)
Organización de Ejidos Productores Forestales de la Zona Maya A.C. (Miembro del Grupo de Seguimiento SESA)
Red Indígena de Turismo en México A.C. (Miembro del Grupo de Seguimiento SESA)
Red Mexicana de Organizaciones Campesinas Forestales A.C. (Miembro del Grupo de Seguimiento SESA)
Sakbe Comunicación y Defensa para el Cambio A.C. (Miembro del Grupo de Seguimiento SESA)
Unión Nacional de Organizaciones Campesinas - Coordinadora Nacional A.C. (Miembro del Grupo de Seguimiento SESA)
Sr. Sergio Madrid
Presidente del Consejo Técnico Consultivo, CTC REDD+
Sr. Sergio Graff
Secretariado del Consejo Técnico Consultivo, CTC REDD+
Coordinador General de Producción y Productividad de la Comisión Nacional Forestal, CONAFOR
Sres. Miembros Integrantes
del Consejo Técnico Consultivo, CTC REDD+
Sr. Juan Manuel Torres Rojo
Director General de la Comisión Nacional Forestal, CONAFOR
Sr. José Carlos Fernández
Jefe de la Unidad de Asuntos Internacionales y Fomento Financiero de la Comisión Nacional Forestal, CONAFOR
Sr. Juan Rafael Elvira Quesada
Secretario de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, SEMARNAT
Sr. Francisco Javier Mayorga Castañeda
Secretario de Ganadería, Agricultura y Pesca, SAGARPA
Sr. Xavier Antonio Abreu Sierra
Director General de la Comisión Nacional para el Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indígenas, CDI
Sra. María del Rocío García Gaytán
Presidenta del Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres, INMUJER
Sr. José Sarukhán Kermez
Coordinador Nacional de la Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, CONABIO
Sr. Gonzalo Hernández Licona
Secretario Ejecutivo de la Comisión Nacional de Evaluación de la Política Social, CONEVAL
Sr. Benoit Bosquet
Coordinador del Forest Carbon Partnership Facility del Banco Mundial, FCPF-BM
Sr. Glenn Morgan
Unidad de Salvaguardas para América Latina del Banco Mundial, BM
Sr. Ricardo Hernández
Especialista Ambiental, BM
Sr. Andrea Kutter
Programa de Inversión Forestal, Fondo de Inversión para el Clima, FIC
Sra. Gloria Visconti
Unidad de Energía y Cambio Climático, Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, BID
Sr. Miguel Coronado
Encargado de Operaciones en México, Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, BID
Sra. Gemelina Ramírez
Subgerente de Cambio Climático, Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, BID
Sra. Valeria Enríquez
Sociedad Civil, Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, BID
Sra. Patricia Bliss Guest
Administradora, Fondos de Inversión Climáticos, FIC
Sr. José Antonio Meade Kuribreña
Secretario de Hacienda y Crédito Público, SHCP
Sr. Abelardo Escobar Prieto
Secretario de Reforma Agraria, SRA
Sr. Genaro García Luna
Secretario de Seguridad Pública, SSP
Sr. Heriberto Félix Guerra
Secretario de Desarrollo Social, SEDESOL
Sr. Dionisio Pérez-Jacome Friscione
Secretario de Comunicación y Transportes, SCT
Sr. José Luis Luege Tamargo
Director General de la Comisión Nacional del Agua, CONAGUA
Sr. Miguel Ángel Romero González
Director General de Minas de la Secretaría de Economía, DGM